5 surprising British inventions – 5 invenzioni britanniche

Ecco qualcosa di davvero interessante! Alcune invenzioni molto note che non vengono comunemente associate alla Gran Bretagna sono invece, originariamente, invenzioni britanniche. E anche l’inno americano, infatti…

Many inventions that have become part of our daily lives are oddly surrounded by both mystery and misinformation. Here are 5 that are, to the surprise of many, of British origins.

Number 5. Television. Americans hold the distinction of watching the most tv, but the first working set was invented by Scotsman John Baird, who debuted his creation in London on January 26, 1926.

Number 4. The music for the US national anthem. Francis Scott Key wrote the words, but the melody is borrowed from ‘To Anacreon in Heaven,’ a British tune written by John Stafford Smith in the 1700s.

Number 3. Pumpkin Pie. The Brits have been enjoying the autumnal favorite since at least 1675. A British cookbook dated to that year contains the oldest known printed recipe for the treat.

Number 2. Carbonated Water. Joseph Priestley, an English chemist, first turned flat water into a fizzy liquid in 1767. His method of producing carbon dioxide gas and then introducing it to water was later adapted for commercial purposes, and, before long, bubbly drinks became all the rage.

Number 1. The computer. Though it wasn’t the compact sorts we are familiar with today, the programmable Analytical Engine designed by Charles Babbage in the 1830s did serve as their forerunner. Which British invention most surprises you?

source: Geobeats

Most people know the title of the American anthem, but not more than that. Let’s have a look at the whole text.

The Star-Spangled Banner

Oh, say! can you see by the dawn‘s early light

What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming;

Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,

O’er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?

And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air,

Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there:

Oh, say! does that star-spangled banner yet wave

O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,

Where the foe‘s haughty host in dread silence reposes,

What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,

As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?

Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam,

In fully glory reflected now shines in the stream:

‘Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh, long may it wave

O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore

That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion

A home and a country should leave us no more?

Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps’ pollution!

No refuge could save the hireling and slave

From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave:

And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave

O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Oh, thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand

Between their loved home and the war’s desolation!

Blest with victory and peace, may the heav’n-rescued land

Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation!

Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,

And this be our motto: “In God is our trust”:

And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave

O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave. 

invention invenzione
oddly stranamente
to be surrounded by essere circondato da
mystery mistero
misinformation disinformazione, cattiva informazione
to hold the distinction dire questo
to debut presentare, debuttare
creation creazione
national nazionale
anthem inno
melody melodia
to borrow prestare
heaven paradiso
tune melodia
pumpkin zucca
printed stampato
recipe ricetta
carbonated water acqua frizzante
fizzy frizzante
carbon dioxide anidride carbonica
commercial commerciale
to become all the rage fare furore
forerunner predecessore
star-spangled banner bandiera adorna di stelle
dawn alba
to hail salutare
twilight crepuscolo
gleaming splendente, brillante
broad ampio
stripe striscia, riga
perilous pericoloso
rampart bastione
gallantly in modo galante
to stream scorrere
glare bagliore
to burst esplodere
to wave sventolare
brave coraggiosi
dimly debolmente
mist foschia
foe nemico
haughty sprezzante
dread paura, timore
to repose riposare, giacere
breeze brezza
steep ripido, scosceso
fitfully in modo discontinuo
to conceal nascondere
to disclose mostrare
beam raggio
glory gloria
vauntingly vanagloriosamente
to swear giurare
havoc caos, scompiglio
confusion confusione
foul schifoso, sporco
pollution inquinamento, contaminazione
refuge rifugio
hireling mercenario
slave schiavo
flight fuga
gloom oscurità, tenebre
grave tomba
triumph trionfo
desolation desolazione
blest=blessed benedetto
to praise lodare
to conquer prevalere
just giusto


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