The history of the Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower is a famous landmark in Paris. The Eiffel Tower is named after its main designer; the French metallic structure expert and engineer, Gustave Eiffel. What many people do not know is that the Eiffel Tower was originally planned to be constructed in Barcelona, for the Universal Exposition in 1888, but the people of Barcelona did not want it, saying that it was “too expensive and strange”. Instead, Eiffel tried to build the Eiffel Tower in Paris for the Universal Exposition in 1889 and this time the building was approved.
There were 107 bids submitted to construct the Eiffel Tower, 50 people worked on the design, and more than 100 built the parts. 132 workers assembled the parts on site. Construction began on January 28, 1887 and was concluded on March 31, 1889. When the tower was built, it was only meant to be kept for 20 years.
During its planning and construction phase, many protested against the construction of the Eiffel Tower. Even after its construction, the Eiffel Tower was highly controversial amongst the Parisians.
One famous quote is from novelist Guy de Maupassant, who hated the tower but still went to its restaurant every day. When asked why, he said it was because it is the only place in Paris where one cannot see the structure.
So, as time passed, more and more people started to like the building. Today, almost all Parisians love the tower. The tower is without a doubt one of the most famous buildings in the world. If you plan to visit it, you won’t be the only one to see the tower, as it is the most visited paid monument in the world. An estimate of over 200 million people has seen the tower, on site, since its construction in 1889. Visiting Paris, but not the Eiffel Tower, is no visit at all.
landmark – monumento
to be named after – essere chiamata come quaclosa
metallic structure – struttura metallica
expert – esperto
to be constructed – essere costruito
instead – invece
to be approved – essere approvato
to submit a bid – presentare un’offerta
to assemble – assemblare, montare
to be concluded – essere concluso
construction phase – fase di costruzione
to protest against – protestare contro
highly controversial – molto controverso
novelist – romanziere
property of – proprietà di qualcuno
to learn something – imparare qualcosa
military – militare
battle – battaglia
to capture – catturare
spy – spia
to experience – sperimentare
occupation – occupazione di qualcosa
cable – cavo
to scale the top – scalare